Keep up to date with all the latest tax and financial news from CKLG


Latest News From CKLG Accountants

Reconcile VAT Returns and Accounts

May 26, 2016

If you complete your own VAT returns and accounts, do you check that the total of sales on the VAT returns reconciles with the sales shown in your annual accounts? If there is a discrepancy between your VAT returns and the business accounts, HMRC may ask you to explain the difference.

If you can’t explain any differences HMRC will send you a bill for the extra VAT due. To avoid such difficulties ask us to check that your VAT returns are complete, before submitting them.

Wholesale clearance UK Ltd v HMRC TC05027


Repayment of CIS Tax

May 24, 2016

If your company has had CIS tax deducted from payments due on invoices, you can off-set that CIS tax against PAYE and other CIS tax the company deducts from people/ firms it pays. This set-off is achieved through the RTI and CIS systems. Any excess CIS tax can be set against other tax liabilities the company has, such as corporation tax or VAT, or reclaimed directly from HMRC.

The refund claim must be made in writing to HMRC, but we can help you with that. HMRC will compare the CIS deductions it has recorded as having been made against the company’s invoices and repay the excess tax if there are no discrepancies.

CIS repayment claims helpcard can be found here.


Apply for Gross Payment Status

May 23, 2016

For businesses registered under the construction industry scheme (CIS) to receive payment for their work without deduction of tax, they must apply for and retain gross payment status. The tax compliance standards needed have recently been simplified so, as long as you have filed all your CIS and business tax returns on time, and paid the business tax when due, CIS gross payment status should be granted. If you are looking for assistance then we can help you apply for and keep CIS gross payment status for your business.

CIS regulations for gross payment status can be found here.



Managing Employee Expenses

May 20, 2016

From the 6th of April 2016, where employees are reimbursed valid business expenses, those refunds are exempt from tax and NIC and are not required to be reported on the end of year form P11D. Meals taken while travelling can be claimed at standard benchmark rates.

However, all employers should periodically check a random sample of employees’ expense claims to see if a valid business expense was incurred. A receipt is not necessarily required, but some contemporaneous record would be needed. If you are needing help managing employee expenses, call us and we can help you understand what records are required!

HMRC’s Employment Income manual paraEIM30270 


How to reclaim VAt on purchases

May 10, 2016

As a VAT registered trader you can reclaim the VAT you incur on goods and services which will be used to make sales that attract VAT. Goods or services which are used for non-business activities, or for generating VAT-exempt sales, can not be included in a VAT claim, unless the partial exemption rules apply.

This is the foundation of the VAT system, but HMRC may question whether costly purchases are related to VATable sales, and thus whether the VAT on those purchases can be reclaimed.

In a recent case HMRC attempted to block the repayment of VAT paid on the purchase of single farm payment entitlements (SFPE). The taxpayer won this argument. If you have your VAT reclaim challenged by HMRC, we can help.



Planning for your retirement

May 4, 2016

Planning for your retirement is important and the first thing you should do is work out how much income you will need to support your lifestyle once you retire. 

Income tax is still levied when an individual retires. All income, bar the standard state pension is liable for income tax. Tax is due on personal and company pensions. The personal allowance for the tax year 2016/17 is £11,000 per annum. Any income exceeding the allowance will be taxed.

Planning for retirement

When withdrawing money from a personal pension pot the first 25% is tax-free. Once the initial 25% has been taken the remainder will be paid as income and will be taxable.

We can help you plan for retirement, please contact us on 01223 810 100 for advice. 


Reducing inheritance tax with gifts or money

May 3, 2016

Gifting assets or money can reduce inheritance tax, however, some gifts made when you are alive may still be liable for inheritence tax,  when you die, for example, if you die within 7 years of making a gift, it will be liable for inheritence tax though the rate is reduced for gifts made between 3 and 7 years of death.

Gifts to your spouse or civil partner are not liable for inheritence tax as they are not counted as part of your estate. When they die they will be included in their estate. In addition, some gifts are exempt from inheritence tax. These include:

  • cash gifts to family and friends (subject to strict annual limits)
  • regular cash gifts such as Christmas or birthday presents from your income can reduce the value of your estate
  • gifts to dependents requiring your support.

Please contact us on 01223 810 100 for more information and advice on inheritence tax and estate planning



Inheritance Tax and Estate Planning

May 2, 2016

Inheritance tax (IHT) is tax levied on a person’s estate when they die and is an essential element of estate planning. If done correctly it can reduce the amount of Inheritance tax paid on an estate.

The current IInheritance tax threshold is £325,000. If your estate is worth less than the threshold it will not be subject to Inheritance tax. The current Inheritance tax rate of 40% is levied on anything above the threshold. A reduced rate of 36% is applicable if a person leaves more than 10% of their estate to charity. 

It’s possible to transfer any unused nil-rate band to a spouse or civil partner.

Inheritance tax planning

From 6 April 2017, an additional nil-rate band of £100,000 will be introduced when a main residence is passed on death to direct descendants. The ‘main residence nil-rate band’ will increase by £25,000 each year until it reaches £175,000 in 2020, after which it will increase in line with the consumer prices index. This nil-rate band is also transferrable to a spouse or civil partner.

Estate Planning

April 29, 2016

Valuing your estate

Calculating the value of your estate is straightforward. You calculate the total value of your assets and subtract the total value of your liabilities. The assets you should consider are:

Assets Liabilities
Your Home Mortgages
Other Properties e.g. holiday homes Loans Loans
Money in banks, building societies and
Premium Bonds Overdrafts
Investments Other Debt
Stocks & Shares  
Cars and Motorbikes  
Household Goods  
Other personal possessions  

This valuation will help you work out whether your beneficiariesbeneiciaries will have to pay inheritance tax (IHT). The valuation will also help you to ensure that your estate is divided equitably between your beneiciaries.

Contact us for advice on estate planning.

Running a company car scheme

April 28, 2016

Our guide to setting up a company car scheme and the tax implications of doing so.

A company car is often seen as a perk that can benefit both employers and employees, provided you plan and budget accordingly. Important questions to ask yourself if you are planning to introduce a company car scheme include;

  • what kind of car should you choose?
  • how are you going to fund it?
  • how many employees will use it?
  • what is the estimated annual mileage?

We would advice you to consider these questions, before making a initial decision.

Company Car Scheme

Download the complete company car scheme guide -  providing you with all the essential information you need to know when planning a company car scheme and the effect it will have on your income tax bill.

Changes to Dividend Tax 2016/17

April 26, 2016

On 6 April 2016, the 10% dividend tax credit was abolished and replaced with a new dividend tax allowance of £5,000 per year. This allowance does not reduce total income for tax purposes and only applies to dividend income.

Dividend income exceeding the £5,000 allowance and the personal allowance for income tax will be taxed at the following rates:

  • basic rate taxpayers: 7.5%
  • higher rate: 32.5%
  • additional rate: 38.1%.

Dividends paid within pensions funds and those received in shares from ISAs will stay tax-free. The £1,000 savings allowance (£500 for higher rate taxpayers) due to come into effect in April 2016 excludes dividend income.

No tax will be deducted at source; it will be paid through self-assessment. How the changes affect your tax planning will depend on your individual circumstances and other sources of income.

Please contact our Business Services Team on 01223 810 100 to discuss your how the changes to dividend tax credit will affect your tax position.


Stamp Duty supplement on a 'granny annex'

April 19, 2016

When you buy a residential property and end up owning two or more homes, you must pay a 3% stamp duty land tax (SDLT) supplement on the purchase. Where a home has an annex which can be occupied independently from the main building, such as a“granny annex”, the SDLT supplement could apply, as the whole property could be considered to be two dwellings.

David Gauke, Secretary to the Treasury, clarified this matter in the House of Commons stating,  'the SDLT supplement won’t apply to properties that are replacing a main home, and where the annex to the new home can’t be sold separately and is worth less than one third of the main property'.

An amendment will be made to the Finance Bill 2016, and HMRC will publish further detailed guidance before the Finance Bill is passed in July 2016.

Please contact our Private Client Team on 01223 810 100  for more advice on Proptery Tax

Single-tier pension

April 18, 2016

If you reach state pension age on or after 6 April 2016 you should receive the new single-tier state pension in place of the old style basic retirement pension. For 2016/17 the single-tier pension is worth up to £155.65 per week, and the basic state pension is £119.30 per week.  However, the basic state pension can be topped-up by pension credits or expanded by other entitlements.

Single Tier Pension

To qualify for the full single-tier pension you need to have made or received credits for NIC for 35 full tax years. If you have at least 10 years of contributions on your NI record you will receive at least some of the single-tier pension. Those people who contracted out of NIC for the second state pension may receive less than the full amount of single-tier pension.

Contant our Private Tax Team on 01223 810 100 for pension tax advise.



Tax Rates, reliefs and allowances for 2016/ 2017

April 14, 2016

Make sure you are fully aware of any changes to UK tax rates, reliefs and allowances affecting you and your business for 2016/ 2017.  

Tax rates for 2016-2017


Capital Gains Tax relief for long-term investors

April 13, 2016

A new form of capital gains tax (CGT) relief will be available for gains made on ordinary shares issued by unquoted companies from 17 March 2016.

Investors who subscribe for those shares will pay CGT at 10% on any gains they make on disposal, if they hold the shares for at least three years, counting days from 6 April 2016 onwards.

This looks like an attractive way to reward investors in small trading companies, where the investor doesn’t already qualify for entrepreneurs’ relief.

However, the investor won’t qualify for this new CGT relief if he is an employee or director of the company he invests in, or is related to any employee or officer of that company.

Contact our business services team for advice on whether you will qualify for entrepreneurs’ relief or investors’ relief on any planned disposal of shares.


Small Business Rate Relief

April 6, 2016

The business rates payable on commercial properties can be a huge burden for small businesses. Where the rateable value of the property is no more than £6,000 the business rates bill can be reduced to zero on a claim for small business rate relief (SBRR). This upper limit for Small Business Rate Relief  will be doubled to £12,000 from April 2017.

Also where the rateable value of the building is between £12,000 and £15,000 a tapered SBRR will apply.

We can help you check how much you should be paying in rates for your business premises. There are many exceptions and special reliefs for particular types of businesses, contact our Business Services team for advice. 


Director’s loan corporation tax charges

April 3, 2016

If you borrow money from your company, even as an over-drawn director’s account, the company may have to pay a corporation tax charge equivalent to 25% of the loan. For loans taken out on and after 6 April 2016 this charge will increase to 32.5%.

The corporation tax charge can be avoided if the loan is repaid within 9 months after the end of the accounting year in which it was advanced. It is essential to know exactly what you owe the company and what it owes to you, to avoid this tax charge becoming due, and to reclaim the tax charge after the loan is repaid.

We can help you plan your business finances an corporation tax calculations more effectively, please call the business services team today on 01223 810 100 for advice.


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